World Thrombosis Day: Understanding hidden risks of blood clots  |  Photo Credit score: Getty Photographs
New Delhi: For a 28-year-old IT skilled, one of many vital days of his life began with a pointy ache that shot proper via his left leg. Disregarding the ache, he made his method to the occasion. Although the depth of the ache was surprising, nearly debilitating, the 28-year-old determined to push himself.
“I awakened with extreme ache in my left leg on an important day. I needed to give a presentation for which I labored so much. Ignoring the ache I made a decision to make my method to the venue,” he stated. “By the point I reached there, my leg had swollen and turn out to be painful. Mid-way via the presentation, the ache turned so insufferable that I left the venue and consulted Dr Rajiv Parakh instantly,” added the 28-year-old.
Dr Parakh, who’s a specialist in peripheral vascular and endovascular surgical procedure at Medanta – The Medicity Hospital, confirmed that it was thrombosis after operating a number of exams. Thrombosis is a situation which kinds blood clots in blood vessels, artery or vein, making an individual susceptible to coronary heart assault, stroke, or a life-threatening clot within the lungs, that’s, venous thromboembolism or VTE.
“Blood clotting is a crucial course of that forestalls extreme bleeding by forming a clot over the damage. As soon as healed, the clot dissolves by itself,” stated Dr Parakh.
“Nonetheless, in some circumstances, the clots don’t heal on their very own, or type in different components of the physique. This situation is named thrombosis,” he defined.
Probably the most important explanation for the situation stays the obstruction of blood movement triggered attributable to a sedentary way of life or staying immobilised for lengthy durations of time, described Dr Parakh. “Different causes embody exterior trauma, which ends up in issues within the blood vessels and thickening of the blood, often attributable to dehydration and a household historical past of thrombosis,” he stated.
Specialists declare that it’s a false impression that thrombosis in Asian populations together with India is decrease than in western populations. “Anybody could be prone to deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) which is the formation of a blood clot in a deep vein, most frequently within the leg,” stated haematologist at Lilavati Hospital and Analysis Centre, Dr Abhay Bhave.
“Even in any other case wholesome individuals can endure from DVT after being motionless over a time period, merely spanning a number of weeks,” added Dr Bhave. “As a ballpark estimate, medical expertise reveals that no less than 9 per cent hospitalised sufferers die from situations brought on by lung thrombosis in India, particularly within the youthful inhabitants,” continued Dr Bhave.
Not solely figuring out the hazards of the situation is vital, however understanding the efficient methods to stop thrombosis is equally very important to decrease down the possibilities of growing the dysfunction. “Protecting oneself hydrated is likely one of the preventative measures that sufferers prone to or with a household historical past of thrombosis want to remember. Main an lively way of life is yet one more,” stated Dr Parakh. “For ladies, ingestion of oral contraceptives or hormone substitute remedy will increase the possibilities of thrombosis danger. So the doses have to be fastidiously supervised by a gynaecologist,” suggested Dr Parakh.
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